Managing Your Worm Farm
There are many aspects to managing your worm farm but a few hints based on our practice and experience may help you:
1. Use a cover, we sell organic jute covers (which the worms love but eat through in around 3 months) and our new Longlife covers which will last for years. The cover helps the worms to come to the surface to feed (always feed under the cover) as it keeps the top tray of the worm farm darker. By keeping the cover moist you are maintaining the correct moisture level in the worm farm which will keep the worms happy and provide you with around 200mls of liquid per week.
Compost worms are tireless in converting organic (food and garden) waste into worm castings (manure) which is a complete organic fertiliser for plants. Charles Darwin first demonstrated how worm castings rejuvenate and enrich the soil. His experiment with potatoes showed their roots growing directly towards the castings, searching for their fine balance of nutrients. There are three main species of compost worms also known as earthworms – Reds (eg, lumbricus rubellus) and the striped Tigers (eg, eisenia foetida) are European imports now common in Australia, but there are over 1000 native varieties including Blues (eg, Octolasion cyaneum).
Worms and worm farming are a passion at SCRAP because we can address key questions of waste reduction through our friends the “dolphin of the soil” as Darwin called them. Right at the centre of our wasteful society is the question of organic waste. No other society in human history has neglected it so shamefully as our modern consumer society. A simple lesson for us all is that by sending 1kg of organic material to landfill we cause 2kg of CO2 gas to emit into the atmosphere.